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2000 Images of the Month

Dec. 2000: Climate prediction systems cut their teeth on El Niño
El Niño is a major climatic event affecting not only the tropical Pacific Ocean but many other regions from South Africa to North America. If they are to be effective, seasonal climate predictions systems must therefore be able to predict an El Niño above all else.
Nov. 2000: Solar storm warning
The solar wind consists of a constant stream of charged particles flowing outward from the Sun. Most of these particles are deflected by the Earth's magnetic field.
Oct. 2000: Sun and Moon shape tides on Earth
The combined attraction of the Moon and the Sun generates tides on Earth. Calculating their effects is not as easy as it might seem, since we have to factor in the distance and inclination of the Sun and Moon with respect to Earth, and with respect to each other.
Sep. 2000: Topex/Poseidon, eight years after
Topex/Poseidon was launched on August 10, 1992, but the first altimetric measurements came later, on August 21, 1992 for Poseidon and September 1st, 1992 for Topex.
Aug. 2000: A lake capped by ice
Lake Vostok is a liquid, freshwater lake lying under a three-kilometer blanket of ice in the middle of the Antarctic continent and it is of great interest to researchers seeking to retrace the history of Earth's climate.
Jul. 2000: Where currents meet
The Agulhas system is a key region for understanding the ocean. By combining dynamic topography, sea surface temperature and ocean color we obtain better scenarios to describe the variability of phytoplankton.
Jun. 2000: Lively currents
The world's oceans are subjected to many movements and variations. These movements are a lot "livelier" in some regions than others.
May 2000: Doris sees the seasons weighing on the Earth
Pressures on the Earth's surface cause it to move it out of shape in much the same way as a ball does when pressed.
Apr. 2000: Rivers of ice in Antarctica
Observing the ocean surface is not the only application of satellite altimetry. Satellites also serve to measure the surface topography of sea ice and glaciers on land-although ice and sea water do not, of course, reflect the radar altimeter beam in the same way.
Mar. 2000: Raindrops keep falling on the sea
The Topex altimeters, and Poseidon-2 in the near future, operate at two frequencies (13.6 GHz and 5.3 GHz). They first measure electron content in the atmosphere.
Feb. 2000: Waves across the water
Like a stone skimming across the water creates ripples on the surface, perturbations in the oceans form waves that propagate.
Jan. 2000: Water, water in the air
What is the speed of light? Easy... 300,000 kilometers per second (well, 299,792,458 km/s to be precise). Yes, but that's in a vacuum.
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