Indicators of the ocean health and dynamics, and/or climate indexes
- El Niño bulletin
- Monitoring of El Niño by altimetry
- Mean Sea Level
- The global mean level of the oceans is one of the most important indicators of climate change. It incorporates the reactions from several different components of the climate system. Precise monitoring of changes in the mean level of the oceans, particularly through the use of altimetry satellites, is vitally important, for understanding not just the climate but also the socioeconomic consequences of any rise in sea level.
- The Kuroshio Extension is characterized by a strong variability. This variability results in two rather different states of the Kuroshio Extension: an "elongated state" vs a "contracted state". An indicator based on the high-frequency eddy kinetic energy (EKE) well checks these Kuroshio Extension states.
- Ionian Sea circulation