Mobile version


Scientific litterature



  • Cazenave A . and Le Cozannet G., Sea level rise and coastal impacts, submitted, Earth's future, 2013.

  • Dieng H.B ., Henry O., Messignac B., Cazenave A., von Schuckmann K. and Lemoine J.M., Signature of La Nina in the global mean sea level; Differences between the 2007 and 2011

    La Nina events, submitted, Global and Planetary Change , 2013.

  • Gardner, A. S., Moholdt, G., Cogley, J. G., Wouters, B., Arendt, A. A., Wahr, J., Berthier, E., Hock, R.,Pfeffer, W.T., Kaser, G., Ligtenberg, S. R. M.,

    Bolch, T., Sharp, M. J., Hagen, J. O., Van den Broeke, M. R., and Paul, F. (2013) A Reconciled Estimate of Glacier Contributions to Sea Level Rise: 2003 to 2009; Science , vol. 340,

    17 mai 2013.

  • Henry O., Ablain M., Meyssignac B., Cazenave A., Masters D., Nerem S., Leuliette E. and Garric G., Investigating and reducing differences between the satellite

    altimetry-based global mean sea level time series provided by different processing groups, in revision,J. of Geodesy, 2013.

  • Hollmann R. et al . (including Cazenave), The ESA Climate Change Initiative: satellite data records for essential climate variables Bull. American Meteo.

    Soc ., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00254., online publication March 2013.

  • Le Cozannet G., Garcin M., Petitjean L., Cazenave A., Becker M., Meyssignac B., Walker P., Devilliers C., Lebrun O., Lecacheux S., Baills A., Bulteau T., Yates M., Wöppelmann

    G., Exploring the relation between sea level rise and shoreline erosion using reconstructions: an example in French Polynesia, in press, J. Coastal Research , 65,doi:

    10.2112/SI65-361.1 2013.

  • Palanisamy H. , Cazenave A., Meyssignac B., Woppelmann G. and Soudarin L., Regional sea level variability, total relative sea level rise and its impacts on islands and

    coastal zones of Indian Ocean over the last sixty years, submitted, Global Planetary Change , 2013 .

  • Peng D., Palanisamy H., Cazenave A. and Meyssignac B., Sea level change and variability in the South China Sea over 1950-2009, Marine Geodesy , 36:2,164-182, doi:

    10.1080/01490419. 2013 .771595, 2013 .

  • Stammer D., Cazenave A., Ponte R. and Tamisiea M., Contemporary regional sea level changes, Annual Review Marine Sciences,. 5, 21-46, 2013 .

  • Woppelmann G., Le Cozannet G., de Michele M., Raucoules D., Cazenave A., Garcin M, Hanson S, Marcos M. and Santamaría-Gómez A. Is land subsidence increasing the exposure to

    sea level rise in Alexandria, Egypt?Geophys. Res. Lett., vol 40, 1-5, doi:10.1002/grl.50568, 2013 .




  • Becker M. , Meyssignac B., Llovel W., Cazenave A. and Delcroix T. Sea level variations at Tropical Pacific Islands during 1950-2009. Global and Planetary Change, 80/81,

    85-98, 2012.

  • Cazenave A., O. Henry, S. Munier, B. Meyssignac, T. Delcroix, W. Llovel and H. Palanisamy, Estimating ENSO influence on the global mean sea level, submitted, Marine Geodesy,


  • Crétaux J.F ., Bergé-Nguyen M., Meyssignac B., Calmant S., Romanovski V., Perosanz F., Tashbaeva S., Arsen A., Fund F., Martignago N., Bonnefond P., Laurain O., Maisongrande

    P., Calibration of Envisat altimeter over the Lake Issykkul. Marine Geodesy, submitted, 2012.

  • Fenoglio-MarcL., A. Mariotti, G. Sannino, B. Meyssignac, A. Carillo, M.V. Struglia. Decadal variability of net water flux at the Mediterranean sea Gibraltar

    strait. Global and Planetary Change, in revision, 2012.

  • Henry O., P. Prandi, W. Llovel, A. Cazenave, S. Jevrejeva, D. Stammer , B. Meyssignac, N. Koldunov, Sea level variations since 1950 along the coasts of the Arctic Ocean, in

    revision, J. Geophys. Res., 2012.

  • Meyssignac B. ( 2012 ): La Variabilité Régionale du Niveau de la Mer. Thèse de l'Université de Toulouse .

  • Meyssignac B., Llovel W., Becker M. and Cazenave A., 2012 a: An assessment of two-dimensional past sea level reconstructions over 1950 -2009 based on tide gauge data and

    different input sea level grids,Surveys in Geophysics, published online 2012 /01/24 , DOI 10.1007/s10712-011-9171-x .

  • Meyssignac B., Salas y Melia D.,Becker M.,Llovel W., Cazenave A., 2012 b: Tropical Pacific spatial trend patterns in observed sea level: internal variability and/or

    anthropogenic signature?Clim.Past, 8, 787-802, 2012,doi:10.5194/cp-8-787- 2012

  • Meyssignac B. and Cazenave A., 2012 : Sea level : a review of present-day and recent-past sea level change and variability (invited review article),J. Geodyn ., 58 (

    2012 ) 96- 109, doi:10.1016/j.jog. 2012 .03.005 .

  • Meyssignac B., Salas-Melia D, Becker M, Llovel W. and Cazenave A., Spatial trend patterns in observed sea level: internal variability and/or anthropogenic signature ?

    submitted, Climate of the Past, 2012 .

  • Palanisamy H. , Becker M., Meyssignac B. and Cazenave A., Regional Sea Level Change and Variability in the Caribbean Sea since 1950, Int. J. Geosci., 2(2), 125-133,

    doi:10.2478/v10156-011-0029-4, 2012 .

  • Prandi P. ( 2012 ): Variabilité du niveau de la mer dans la région Arctique. Thèse de l'Université de Toulouse.

  • Prandi P. Ablain M., Cazenave A. and Picot N., A new estimation of mean sea level in the Arctic Ocean from satellite altimetry, 35(S1), 61-81, Marine Geodesy , 2012


  • Rahmstorf S., Foster G. and Cazenave A., Comparing climate projections to observations : an update; Environmental Res. Lett. , 7, 044035,

    doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044035, 2012 .

  • Shepherd A., et al. ( 2012): A Reconciled Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance.Science 30 November 2012 Vol. 338 no. 6111 pp. 1183-1189 DOI: 10.1126/science.1228102.




  • Berthier E., Vincent C., Durand G .& Krinner G. Bilan de masse des glaciers et des calottes polaires. Jeandel C. & Mosseri R. (Eds.): Le climat à découvert. Outils et

    méthodes en recherche climatique. CNRS Edition, 2011.

  • Biancamaria S., Cazenave A., Mognard N., LLovel W. and Frappart F.,Satellite-based high latitudes snow volume trend, variability and contribution to sea level over 1989/2006

    , Global and Planet. Change, 75, 99-107, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha2010.10.011, 2011.

  • Cazenave, A ., F. Remy, 2011. Sea level and climate: measurements and causes of changes,Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change , 2(5), 647-662, ,


  • Church, J.A ., N.J. White, L.F. Konikow, C.M. Domingues, J.G. Cogley, E. Rignot, J.M. Gregory, M.R. van den Broeke, A.J. Monaghan, and I. Velicogna, 2011. Revisiting the

    Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008,Geophys.Res. Lett., 38, L18601, doi:10.1029/2011GL048794.

  • Hamlington B.D., Leben, R., Nerem, S., Han, W., Kim, K.Y. 2011. Reconstructing sea level using cyclostationary empirical orthogonal functions, J.

    Geophys.Res., doi: 10.1029/2011JC00752.

  • Llovel W., Becker M., Cazenave A., Jevrejeva S., Alkama R., Decharme B., Douville H., Ablain M. and Beckley B., Terrestrial waters and sea level variations on interannual

    time scale, Global Planet. Change, 75, 76-82, doi.10.1016/j.gloplacha2010.10.008, 2011.

  • Llovel W, Meyssignac B, Cazenave A, 2011, Steric sea level variations over 2004-2010 as a function of region and depth: Inference on the mass component variability in the

    North Atlantic Ocean. Geophys. Research Letters, Vol. 38, L15608, doi:10.1029/2011GL047411, 2011.

  • Marcos M., Calafat F. M., Llovel W., Gomis D., Meyssignac B., Regional distribution of steric and mass contributions to sea level changes. Global and Planetary Change.3/4:

    206-218. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha. 2011 .01.007, 2011 .

  • Meyssignac B., Calafat F., Somot S., Rupolo V., Stocchi P., Llovel W. and Cazenave A., Two-dimensional reconstruction of the Mediterranean sea level over 1970 - 2006 from

    tide gauge data and regional ocean circulation model outputs, Global Planet. Change, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha. 2011 .03.002, Published on line, 2011 .

  • Meyssignac B., Francesc M. C., Somot S., Rupolo V., Stocchi P, Llovel W. Cazenave A., Morrow R. ( 2011 ), Two-dimensional reconstruction of the Mediterranean sea level over

    1970 - 2006 from tide gauge data and regional ocean circulation model outputs.Global and Planetary Change, 77 pp49-61.

  • Pfeffer , W.T., 2011 . Land ice and sea level rise: A thirty-year perspective, Oceanography , 24(2), 94-111, doi:10.5670/oceanog. 2011 .30.

  • Prandi P., Ablain M., Picot N., Cazenave A., ( 2011 ) Sea Level in the Arctic Ocean from Satellite Altimetry. Presentation at the Cryosat validation workshop. February 2011 .

    (pdf )

  • Ray , R. and Douglas, B. Experiments in reconstructing twentieth-century sea levels,Progress in Oceanography , 2011 , in press.

  • Rignot E., Velicogna I., van den Broeke M.R., Monaghan A. and Lenaerts J. 2011 . Acceleration of he contribution of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to sea level

    rise,Geophys.Res. Lett., 38, L05503.

  • Sutton , P., and D. Roemmich (2011), Decadal steric and sea surface height changes in the Southern Hemisphere ,Geophys. Res. Lett. , 38 ,L08604, doi:10.1029/ 2011

    GL046802 .

  • Tamisiea , M.E., and J.X. Mitrovica. 2011 . The moving boundaries of sea level change: Understanding the origins of geographic variability.Oceanography 24(2):24-39, 2011 .25 .




  • Ablain M. , Lombard A., Picot N., Cazenave A., 2010. Error Estimation of the global and local mean sea level trends from Jason-1&2 and T/P data. Communication at

    OceanSciences symposium, 22-26 Feb. 2010, Portland (pdf , 2Mo).

  • CazenaveA., Chambers D., Cippolini P., Fu L.L., Hurell J., Merrifield M., Nerem S., Plag H.P., Shum C.K. and Willis J., Sea level change : global and

    regional trends, plenary paper, Published in the

    Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA

    Publication WPP-306. doi:10.5270/OceanObs09ESA publication, 2010.

  • Cazenave A. and Llovel W., 2010. Contemporary sea level rise, Annual Review of Marine Sciences, 2, 145-173. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-120308-081105

  • Llovel W, Guinehut S and Cazenave A, 2010. Regional and interannual variability in sea level over 2002-2009 based on satellite altimetry, Argo float data and Grace ocean

    mass,Ocean Dynamics , 60,1193-1204.doi: 10.1007/s10236-010-0324-0.

  • Llovel W, (2010), Hausse du niveau de la mer et changement climatique global, Thèse de l'Université de Toulouse (download the pdf from the University website ).

  • Llovel W., M. Becker, Cazenave A. and Crétaux J.F., Contribution of land water storage change to global mean sea level from GRACE and satellite altimetry, C.R. Geosciences,

    342, 179-188, 2010.

  • Lyman J.M., Godd S.A., Gouretski V.V., Ishii M., Johnson G.C., Palmer M.D., Smith D.M., Willis J.K. 2010 . Robust warming of the global upper ocean,Nature ,

    465:334-337. doi:10.1038/nature09043.

  • Milly P.C.D., Cazenave A., Famiglietti J., Gornitz V., Laval K., et al. 2010 . Terrestrial water storage contributions to sea level rise and variability. In Proceedings of

    the WCRP Workshop: Understanding Sea Level Rise and Variability, ed. J Church, et al. Malden, MA: Blackwell

  • Nicholls R.J, Cazenave A, 2010 . Sea-Level Rise and Its Impact on Coastal Zones. Science, 18 June 2010 :Vol. 328. no. 5985, pp. 1517 - 1520. DOI: 10.1126/science.1185782

  • Roemmich D., J. Willis, J. Gilson, D. Stammer, A. Koehl, T. Yemenis, D. P. Chambers, F. Landerer, J. Marotzke, T. Suzuki, J. Church, A. Cazenave and P. Y Letraon, Global

    Ocean Warming and Sea Level Rise Proceedings of the WCRP workshop 'Understanding sea level rise and variability', eds. J. Church, P. Woodworth, T. Aarup and S. Wilson et al., Blackwell

    Publishing Ltd., 2010 .

  • Steffen K. et al., 2010 . Cryospheric contributions to sea level rise and variability, inUnderstanding sea level rise and variability , J. Church, P. L. Woodworth,

    T. Aarup, and S. Wilson, Eds., Blackwell Publishing.




  • Understanding sea level rise and variability, J. Church, P. Woodworth, T. Aarup and W. S. Wilson et al. Editors, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010




  • Ablain M. , Cazenave A., DoMinh K, Guinehut S., Llovel W., Lombard A. and Valladeau G., A new assessment of global mean sea

    level from altimeters highlights a reduction of global slope from 2005 to 2008 in agreement with in-situ measurements, Ocean Sciences, 5, 193-201, 2009

  • Cazenave A , Dominh K, Guinehut S, Berthier E, Llovel W, et al. 2009. Sea level budget over 2003-2008: A reevaluation from

    GRACE space gravimetry, satellite altimetry and Argo. Glob. Planet. Change 65:83-88,doi:10.1016/j/gloplacha.2008.10.004

  • Cazenave A. , Guinehut S., Ramillien G., Llovel W., DoMinh K., Ablain M., Larnicol G. and Lombard A., Sea level budget over

    2003-2008; a reevalution from satellite altimetry, GRACE and Argo data, Global and Planetary Change, doi:10.1016/j/gloplacha.2008.10.004, 2009.

  • Chen J.L., Wilson C.R., Blankenship D. and Tapley B.D., 2009. Accelerated Antarctic ice loss from satellite gravity

    measurements.Nature Geoscience, 2(12): 859-862.

  • Cogley JC. 2009. Geodetic and direct mass balance measurements: Comparison and joint analysis. Ann. Glaciol.


  • Ishii M, Kimoto M. 2009. Reevaluation of historical ocean heat content variations with varying XBT and MBT depth bias

    corrections. J. Oceanogr. 65:287-99

  • Leuliette E, Miller L. 2009. Closing the sea level rise budget with altimetry, Argo and GRACE. Geophys. Res. Lett.

    36:L04608, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036010

  • Levitus S, Antonov JL, Boyer TP, Locarnini RA, Garcia HE, Mishonov AV. 2009. Global Ocean heat content 1955-2008 in light of

    recently revealed instrumentation. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36:L07608, doi:10.1029/2008GL037155

  • Llovel W ., Cazenave A., Berge-Nguyen M. and Rogel P., Past sea level reconstruction (1950-2000) using the OPA/NEMO global

    ocean circulation model, tide gauge and satellite altimetry data, Climate of the Past, 5, 1-11, 2009.

  • Lombard A, Garric G, Penduff T, Molines JM. 2009. Regional variability of sea level change using a global ocean model at 1/4

    resolution. Ocean Dyn, doi: 10.1007/s10236-009-0161-6

  • Milne G, Gehrels WR, Hughes C, Tamisiea M. 2009. Identyfying the causes of sea level changes. Nat. Geosci. 2:471-78

  • Mitrovica JX, Gomez N, Clark PU. 2009. The sea-level fingerprint ofWest Antarctic collapse. Science 323:753

  • Peltier WR. 2009. Closure of the budget of global sea level rise over the GRACE era: The importance and magnitudes of the

    required corrections for global isostatic adjustment. Quart. Sci. Rev. 28:1658-74



  • Prandi P., Cazenave A. and Becker M., Is coastal mean sea level rising faster than the global mean? A comparison between

    tide gauges and satellite altimetry over 1993-2007, Geophys. Res. Lett.,36, doi:10.1029/2008GL036564, 2009.

  • Slobbe DC, Ditmar P, Linderbergh RC. 2009. Estimating the rates of mass change, ice volume change and snow volume change in

    Greenland from ICESat and GRACE data. Geophys. J. Int. 176:95-106

  • Trenberth K.E., Fasullo JT, Kiehl J. 2009. Earth's global energy budget. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 90:311-23



  • Velicogna I,. 2009. Increasing rates of ice mass loss from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets revealed by Grace.Geophys. Res. Lett., 36.




  • Alley R , Fahnestock M, Joughin I. 2008. Understanding glacier flow in changing time. Science 322:1061-62

  • Berge-Nguyen M , Cazenave A, Lombard A, Llovel W, Cretaux JF. 2008. Reconstruction of past decades sealevel using tide gauge, altimetry and in situ hydrographic data. Glob.

    Planet. Change 62:1-13

  • Carton JA , Giese BS. 2008. A reanalysis of ocean climate using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA).Month Weather Rev. 136:2999-3017

  • Cazenave A., A. Lombard and W. Llovel., Present-day sea level rise: a synthesis, (invited review article), C.R. Geosciences, doi:10.1016/j-crte-2008.07.008, 2008.

  • Chao BF ,Wu YH, Li YS. 2008. Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science 320:212-14, doi:10.1126/science.1154580

  • Domingues C, Church J, White N, Gleckler PJ,Wijffels SE, et al. 2008. Improved estimates of upper ocean warming and multidecadal sea level rise. Nature 453:1090-93,


  • Gille ST . 2008. Decadal scale temperature trends in the southern hemisphere ocean. J. Clim. 21:4749-65

  • · Hebrard E, Llovel W, Cazenave A. 2008. Spectral analysis of 20th century mean sea level

    rates. Presented at Am. Geophys. Union, Fall Meeting, Dec. 2008, San Francisco

  • · Holland D, Thomas RH, De Young B, Ribergaard MH, Lyberth B. 2008, Acceleration of

    Jakobshawn Isbrae triggered by warm subsurface ocean waters. Nat. Geosci. 1:659-64, doi:10.1038/ngeo316

  • Horton R, Herweijer C, Rosenzweig C, Liu J, Gornitz V, Ruane AC. 2008. Sea level rise projections from current generation CGCMs based on the semi-empirical method. Geophys.

    Res. Lett. 35:L02715, doi:10.1029/2007GL032486


· Huntington TG. 2008. Can we dismiss the effect of changes in land water storage on sea level rise? Hydrol. Process. 22:717-23


  • Jevrejeva S, Moore JC, Grinsted A, Woodworth PL. 2008. Recent global sea level acceleration started over 200 years ago? Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L08715, doi:10.1029/2008GL03361

  • Joughin I, Das SB, King M, Smith BE, Howat IM, Moon T. 2008. Seasonal speedup along the western flank of the Greenland ice sheet. Science 320:781-83

  • Kohl A, Stammer D. 2008. Decadal sea level changes in the 50-year GECCO ocean synthesis. J. Clim. 21:1876-90

  • Lutchke SB, Arendt AA, Rowlands DD, McCarthy JJ, Larsen CF. 2008 . Recent glacier mass changes in the Gulf of Alaska region from GRACE mascon solutions. J. Glaciol.


  • Ramillien G., Bouhours S., Lombard A., Cazenave A., Flechtner F., Schmidt R. 2008 . Land water contributions from GRACE to sea level rise over 2002-2006. Glob. Planet. Change


  • Rignot E., Bamber J.L., Van Den Broecke M.R., Davis C., Li Y., et al. 2008 a. Recent Antarctic ice mass loss from radar interferometry and regional climate modelling. Nat.

    Geosci. 1:106-10

  • Rignot E., Box J.E., Burgess E., Hanna E. 2008 b. Mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from 1958 to 2007. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L20502, doi:10.1029/ 2008 GL035417.



  • Stammer D. 2008 . Response of the global ocean to Greenland and Antarctica melting.J. Geophys. Res. 113:C06022, doi:10.1029/2006JC001079



  • Willis JK, Chambers D.T., Nerem RS. 2008 . Assessing the globally averaged sea level budget on seasonal to interannual time scales. J. Geophys. Res. 113:C06015,


  • Witze A. 2008 . Loosing Greenland. Science 452:798-802

  • Woodworth P, White NJ, Jevrejeva S, Holgate SJ, Chuch JA, GehrelsWR. 2008 . Evidence for the accelerations of sea level on multi-decade and century time scales. Int. J.

    Climatol. 29:777-789, doi:10.1002/joc.1771

  • Wouters B, Chambers D, Schrama EJO. 2008. GRACE observes small scale mass loss in Greenland. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L20501,

    doi: 10.1029/ 2008GL034816




  • Alley R , Spencer M, Anandakrishnan S. 2007. Ice sheet mass balance, assessment, attribution and prognosis.Ann. Glaciol. 46:1-7

  • Beckley BD, Lemoine FG, Lutchke SB, Ray RD, Zelensky NP. 2007. A reassessment of global rise and regional mean sea level trends from TOPEX and Jason-1 altimetry based on

    revised reference frame and orbits. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34:L14608,doi:10.1029/2007GL030002

  • Berthier E ., Arnaud Y, Kumar R, Ahmad S,Wagnon P, Chevallier P. 2007. Remote sensing estimates of glacier mass balances in the Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India).

    Remote Sensing Environ. 108(3):327-38, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.11.017

  • Bindoff, N. , Willebrand J., Artale V. , Cazenave A., Gregory J. , Gulev S., Hanawa K., Le Quéré C., Levitus S., Nojiri Y., Shum C.K., Talley L., Unnikrishnan A.,

    Observations: oceanic climate and sea level.In: Climate change 2007: The physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment report of the Intergouvernmental

    Panel on Climate Change [Solomon S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York,

    USA, 2007.

  • Chen JL , Wilson CR, Tapley BD, Blankenship DD, Ivins ER. 2007. Patagonia icefield melting observed by Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE). Geophys. Res. Lett.


  • Gouretski V, Koltermann KP. 2007. How much is the ocean really warming? Geophys. Res. Lett. 34:L011610,doi: 10.1029/GL027834

  • Grinsted A, Moore JC, Jevrejeva S. 2007. Observational evidence of volcanic impact on sea level and the global water cycle. P.N.A.S. 104(50):19730-34

  • Holgate S. 2007. On the decadal rates of sea level change during the twentieth century. Geophys. Res. Lett.34:L01602, doi:10.1029/2006GL028492

  • Howat IM, Joughin IR, Scambos TA. 2007. Rapid changes in ice discharge from Greenland outlet glaciers. Science 315:1559-61, doi:10.1126/science.1138478

  • IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007 .Climate change 2007: The physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment report of the

    Intergouvernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,

    UK, and New York, USA.

  • Lemke P, et al. 2007. Observations: Changes in snow, ice and frozen ground. In Fourth Assessment Report AR4; Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of

    Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. S Solomon, et al. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press

  • Lombard A, Garcia DE, Cazenave A, Ramillin G, Fletcher, et al. 2007. Estimation of steric sea level variations from combined

    GRACE and satellite altimetry data. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 254:194-202

  • Meehl , et al. 2007. Global Climate Projections. In Fourth Assessment Report [AR4], Climate Change 2007: The Physical

    Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. S Solomon, et al. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ.


  • Meier MF, Dyurgerov MB, Rick UK, O'Neel S, Pfeffer WT, et al. 2007. Glaciers dominate Eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st

    century. Science 317:1064-67

  • Nicholls RJ. 2007. The impacts of sea level rise. Ocean Challenge 15(1):13-17

  • Nerem RS. 1995. Measuring global mean sea level variations using TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data. J. Geophys. Res. 100:25135-151

  • Paulson A, Zhong S, Wahr J. 2007. Inference of mantle viscosity from GRACE and relative sea level data. Geophys. J. Int.


  • Rahmstorf S. 2007. A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea level rise. Science 315:368

  • Shepherd A, Wingham D. 2007. Recent sea level contributions of the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets. Science


  • Woppelmann G, Martin Miguez B, Bouin MN, Altamimi Z. 2007. Geocentric sea level trend estimates from GPS analyses at

    relevant tide gauges worldwide. Glob. Planet. Change 57:396-406

  • Wunsch C, Ponte RM, Heimbach P. 2007. Decadal trends in sea level patterns: 1993-2004. J. Clim. 20:5889- 911,





  • Antonov J , Levitus S, Boyer TP. 2005. Thermosteric sea level rise, 1955-2003. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32:L12602,doi:10.1029/2005GL023112

  • Boyer TP, Antonov J, Baranova OK, Garcia H, Johnson DR, et al. 2006. Introduction, NOAA Atlas NESDIS60. In World Ocean Data Base 2005, ed. S Levitus. U.S. Government Printing

    Office, Washington DC,190 pp.

  • Boyer T , Levitus S, Antonov J, Locarnini R, Mishonov A. 2007. Changes in freshwater content in the NorthAtlantic Ocean, 1955-2006. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34:L16603,


  • Cabanes C, Cazenave A, Le Provost C. 2001. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite andin situ observations. Science 294:840-42

  • Cazenave A ., Nerem R.S. 2004. Present-day sea level change: Observations and causes. Rev. Geophys. 42, doi:10.1029/2003RG000139

  • Cazenave A . 2006. How fast are the ice sheets melting? Science 314:1250-52

  • ChambersDP, Mehlhaff CA, Urban TJ, Fujii D, Nerem RS. 2002. Low frequency variations in global mean sea level: 1950-2000. J. Geophys. Res. 107(C4):3026,


  • Chambers DP , Wahr J, Nerem RS. 2004. Preliminary observations of global ocean mass variations with GRACE. Geophys. Res.

    Lett. 31:L13310, doi:10.1029/2004GL020461

  • Chambers DP. 2006. Observing seasonal steric sea level variations with GRACE and satellite altimetry. J. Geophys. Res.

    111(C3):C03010, doi:10.1029/2005JC002914

  • Chao BF. 1995. Anthropogenic impact on global geodynamics due to reservoir water impoundment. Geophys.Res. Lett. 22:3529-32

  • Chelton DB , Ries JC, Haines BJ, Fu L-L, Callahan PS. 2001. Satellite altimetry. In Satellite Altimetry and Earth Sciences, A Handbook of Techniques and Applications, ed. L-L

    Fu, A Cazenave, vol. 69, pp. 1-131. San Diego, CA: Academic Press

  • Chen JL, Wilson CR, Tapley BD. 2006a. Satellite gravity measurements confirm accelerated melting of the Greenland ice sheet. Science 313:1958

  • Chen JL ,Wilson CR, Blankenship DD,Tapley BD. 2006b. Antarctic mass change rates from GRACE. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L11502, doi:10.1029/2006GL026369

  • Chen JL, Tapley BD,Wilson CR. 2006c. Alaskan mountain glacial melting observed by satellite gravimetry. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 248:368-78

  • Church JA, White NJ, Coleman R, Lambeck K, Mitrovica JX. 2004. Estimates of the regional distribution of sea-level rise over the 1950 to 2000 period. J. Clim. 17(13):2609-25

  • Church JA , White NJ, Arblaster JM. 2005. Significant decadal-scale impact of volcanic eruptions on sea level and ocean heat content. Nature 438:74-77

  • Church JA , White NJ. 2006. A 20th century acceleration in global sea-level rise. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L01602, doi:10.1029/2005GL024826

  • Davis CH , Li Y, McConnell JR, Frey MF, Hanna E. 2005. Snowfall-driven growth in East Antarctica ice sheet mitigates recent sea level rise. Science 308:1898-907

  • Douglas BC . 2001. Sea level change in the era of the recording tide gauge. In Sea Level Rise, History and Consequences, ed. BC Douglas, MS Kearney, SP Leatherman, pp. 37-64.

    San Diego, CA: Academic Press

  • Ericson JP , Vorosmarty CJ, Dingman SL, Ward LG, Meybeck L. 2006. Effective sea level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications. Glob. Planet. Change


  • Gornitz V. 2001. Impoundment, groundwater mining, and other hydrologic transformations: Impacts on global sea level rise. In Sea Level Rise, History and Consequences, ed. BC

    Douglas, MS Kearney, SP Leatherman, pp. 97-119. San Diego, CA: Academic Press

  • Guinehut S, Le Traon P-Y, Larnicol G, Phillips S. 2004. Combining ARGO and remote-sensing data to estimate the ocean three-dimensional temperature fields. J. Mar. Syst.


  • Hanawa K, Rual P, Bailey R, Sy A, Szabados M. 1995. A new depth-time equation for Sippican or TSK T-7, T-6 and T-4 expandable bathythermographs (XBT). Deep Sea Res. Part I


  • Hansen J, et al. 2005. Earth's energy imbalance: Confirmation and implications.Science 308:1431-35

  • Johannessen OM, Khvorostovsky K, Miles MW, Bobylev LP. 2005. Recent ice-sheet growth in the interior of Greenland. Science 310:1013-16

  • Holgate SJ,Woodworth PL. 2004. Evidence for enhanced coastal sea level rise during the 1990s.Geophys. Res. Lett. 31:L07305, doi:10.1029/2004GL019626

  • Ishii M, Kimoto M, Sakamoto K, Iwasaki SI. 2006. Steric sea level changes estimated from historical ocean subsurface temperature and salinity analyses.J.

    Oceanogr. 62(2):155-70

  • Ivins ER, James TS. 2005. Antarctic glacial isostatic adjustment: A new assessment. Antarct. Sci. 17(4):541-53

  • Jevrejeva S, Grinsted A, Moore JC, Holgate S. 2006. Nonlinear trends and multiyear cycles in sea level records.J. Geophys. Res. 111:C09012, doi:10.1029/2005/JC003229

  • Kaser G, Cogley JG, Dyurgerov MB, Meier MF, Ohmura A. 2006. Mass balance of glaciers and ice caps: Consensus estimates for 1961-2004. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L19501,


  • Krabill W, Hanna E, Huybrechts P, Abdalati W, Cappelen J, et al. 2004. Greenland Ice Sheet: Increased coastal thinning. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31:L24402,


  • Lambeck K, Anzidei M, Antonioli F, Benini A, Esposito A. 2004. Sea level in Roman time in the Central Mediterranean and implications for recent change. Earth Planet. Sci.

    Lett. 224:563-75

  • Leuliette EW, Nerem RS, Mitchum GT. 2004. Results of TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 Calibration to Construct a Continuous Record of Mean Sea Level. Mar. Geodesy 27:79-94

  • Levitus S, Antonov JL, Wang J, Delworth TL, Dixon KW, Broccoli AJ. 2001. Anthropogenic warming of Earth's climate system. Science 292:267-70

  • Levitus S, Antonov JL, Boyer TP. 2005. Warming of the world ocean, 1955-2003. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32:L02604, doi:10.1029/2004GL021592

  • Lombard A, Cazenave A, Le Traon PY, Ishii M. 2005. Contribution of thermal expansion to present-day sea level rise revisited. Glob. Planet. Change 47:1-16

  • Lutchke SB, Zwally HJ, Abdalati W, Rowlands DD, Ray RD, et al. 2006. Recent Greenland ice mass loss by drainage system from satellite gravimetry observations. Sciencexpress

    314:1286-89, doi:10.1126/science.1130776

  • Lyman JM, Willis JK, Johnson GC. 2006. Recent cooling of the upper ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L18604, doi:10.1029/2006GL027033

  • McManus J. 2002. Deltaic responses to changes in river regimes. Mar. Chem. 79:155-70

  • Milly P.C.D., Cazenave A., Gennero M.C. 2003. Contribution of climate-driven change in continental water storage to recent sea-level rise. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA


  • Mitchum GT. 2000. An Improved Calibration of Satellite Altimetric Heights Using Tide Gauge Sea Levels with Adjustment for Land Motion. Mar. Geodesy 23:145-66

  • Mitrovica JX, Tamisiea ME, Davis JL, Milne GA. 2001. Recent mass balance of polar ice sheets inferred from patterns of global sea-level change. Nature 409:1026-29

  • Nicholls RJ. 2002. Rising sea level: potential impacts and responses. In Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, ed. RE Hester, RM Harrison. Glob. Environ. Change


  • Nerem RS, Mitchum GT. 2001a. Observations of sea level change from satellite altimetry. In Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, ed. BC Douglas, MS Kearney, SP

    Leatherman, pp. 121-63. San Diego, CA: Academic Press

  • Nerem RS, Mitchum GT. 2001b. Sea level change. In Satellite Altimetry and Earth Sciences: A Handbook of Techniques and Applications, ed. L Fu, A Cazenave, pp. 329-49. San

    Diego, CA: Academic Press

  • Nerem S, Leuliette E, Cazenave A. 2006. Present-day sea level change. C.R. Geosci. 338:1077-83

  • Ngo-Duc T, Laval K, Polcher Y, Lombard A, Cazenave A. 2005a. Effects of land water storage on the global mean sea level over the last half century. Geophys. Res. Lett.

    32:L09704, doi:10.1029/2005GL022719

  • Ngo-Duc T, Laval K, Polcher Y, Cazenave A. 2005b. Analyses of the contribution of continental water to sea level variations during the 1997-1998 ENSO event: Comparison

    between the AMIP simulations and the Topex/Poseidon satellite data. J. Geophys. Res. 110:DO9103, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004940

  • Peltier WR. 2004. Global glacial isostasy and the surface of the ice-age Earth: the ICE-5G (VM2) model and GRACE. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 32:111-49

  • Plag HP. 2006. Recent relative sea level trends: An attempt to quantify forcing factors. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 364:1841-69

  • Ramillien G, Lombard A, Cazenave A, Ivins E, Llubes M, et al. 2006. Interannual variations of ice sheets mass balance from GRACE and sea level. Glob. Planet. Change


  • Rignot E., Kanagaratnam P. 2006. Changes in the velocity structure of the Greenland ice sheet. Science 311:986- 90

  • Rignot E., Thomas R. 2002. Mass balance of polar ice sheets. Science 297:1502-06

  • Roemmich D., Owens W.B. 2000. The ARGO project: Global ocean observations for understanding and prediction of climate variability. Oceanography 13:45-50

  • Sahagian D. 2000. Global physical effects of anthropogenic hydrological alterations: Sea level and water redistribution. Glob. Planet. Change 25:39-48

  • Thomas RH, Rignot E, Casassa G, Kanagaratnam P, Acuna C, et al. 2004. Accelerated sea level rise from west Antarctica. Science 306:255-58

  • Velicogna I,Wahr J. 2006a. Revised Greenland mass balance from GRACE. Nature 443:329

  • Velicogna I,Wahr J. 2006b. Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica. Sciencexpress 311:1754-56, doi:10.1126/science.1123785

  • Vorosmarty CV, et al. 2003. Anthropogenic sediment retention: Major global impact from registered river impoundments. Glob. Planet. Change 39:169-90

  • Willis JK, Roemmich D, Cornuelle B. 2004. Interannual variability in upper ocean heat content, temperature, and thermosteric expansion on global scales. J. Geophys. Res.

    109:C12036, doi:10.1029/2003JC002260

  • Wingham DJ, Shepherd A, Muir A, Marshall GJ. 2006. Mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A 364:1627-35

  • Woodworth PL, Player R. 2003. The permanent service for mean sea level: An update to the 21st century. J. Coastal Res. 19:287-95

  • Zwally HJ, Giovinetto MB, Li J, Cornejo HG, Beckley MA, et al. 2005. Mass changes of the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets and shelves and contributions to sea level rise:

    1992-2002. J. Glaciol. 51:509-24


Corrections & models references

Rss feedsContactSitemapPartnersFAQGlossaryLexiconMobile
You must enable cookies in your browser preferences to save the modifications
You are using an older version of Internet Explorer, please update to take full advantage of Aviso+ features

Customize the home page

View all widgets
Reduce display
Public profile
User profile

Select/Deselect widgets

Discover AVISO+

Customizable home, reading tools, products search guide, etc.. Discover step by step the features of the new site AVISO+.

Customizable homepage

The new home page is composed of blocks called "widgets".

Rearrange the blocks with a "Click & Drop".

Hide a widget with the cross at the top right. Reset or add a widget with the "wrench" icon. The "User" and "Public" profiles offer a predefined organization.

All the modifications are automatically saved as cookies on your machine so as to enable you to have your own specific AVISO+.

Reading tools

Ease your reading by choosing the page background colour (black/white) and/or by modifying the font size.

Browsing menu and breadcrum trail

To ease your browsing through AVISO+, you can use at any time the main banner items with the interactive submenus or use the browsing menu on the left side of the screen (it is open by default). For more readiness of the page contents, you can fold and unfold the browsing menu by clicking on the tab. At any time you can know where you are thanks to the browsing menu or the breadcrum at the top of the page.

Products search guide

The first submenu of the "Data" banner item leads you to a new search form enabling you to find quickier the product that suits your needs. The list of results is updated according to your selection criteria.

AVISO+ Multimedia

The first submenu of the "Multimedia" banner item leads you to AVISO+ collections of images and videos linked to altimetry and its applications. Have a nice visit!